Today I am going to discuss what is overweight and how does it affect the body. Overweight is understood as a continuous increase in body weight over certain patterns considered healthy and/or aesthetic, calculated from a body mass formula (MC), which relates weight and height. Overweight people are those adults whose CM index exceeds the average of between 18.5 and 24.9 points.
Depending on the degree of overweight we are talking about, people can put their health at risk, and even reach extreme levels, known as obesity. In this sense, overweight can be a transitory condition, the product of a vital juncture, or it can be progressively aggravated but in general terms, it is considered a symptom of certain ways of life and feeding, if not of internal changes (hormonal or metabolic).
Despite the use of CM indices, there is a debate about what is overweight and the limits of what is considered healthy or not in terms of overweight. It should be clarified that the risk factor is not so much the weight as it is the volume of adipose (fatty) tissue present in the body. In that sense, other indices such as the ICC (Waist / Hip Index) seem to be more relevant to determine it.
In what seems to be uniform criteria, is that from a certain degree overweight begins to have harmful health implications and can become a problem to attack the individual.
Above all, it is of care in crucial times of the physical, psychic and psychological development of the individual, as the infantile or the adolescent one, since they can leave an indelible mark in the personality of the individual and bring problems in ahead.
At present 64% of the population of the United States (and other similar countries) is considered with some type of overweight or obesity, and it is thought that this figure will increase in the following decades. It has already been considered as a major public health problem.
What causes overweight?
Overweight can have one or several causes, such as:
- Natural phenomenon due to genetic or hereditary factors.
- Metabolic alterations product of ailments or congenital diseases.
- Psychological or emotional disorders in food.
- Metabolism too slow due to very low hormonal secretion.
- Metabolism disorders product of drugs or other substances for eventual consumption.
- Extremely sedentary life and sustained poor nutrition.
Consequences of overweight
Overweight in itself is not a serious ailment, beyond the emotional or psychological damage it can exert on the individual. As a result of its inadequacy to beauty canons that do not contemplate fatness or that demonize it. However, there is a proven tendency in people with overweight to develop secondary diseases, such as:
- Mellitus diabetes.
- Cardiovascular diseases.
- Hepatic cirrhosis.
- Greater propensity to coagulation problems.
- Delay in development in children and adolescents.
- Decreased fertility.
Overweight and obesity
Although overweight and obesity are not synonymous, the second can be considered a serious and more complicated end of overweight. In the most common evaluation of overweight, four degrees of the disease are usually distinguished, which are:
- Overweight: Between 25 and 29.9 points of BMI.
- Mild obesity: Between 30 and 34.9 points of BMI.
- Average obesity: Between 35 and 39.9 points of BMI.
- Morbid obesity: Between 40 and more BMI points.
I think you have already got the answer to the question- what is overweight and how does it affect the body? If overweight can be associated in the long run with diseases and ailments, obesity is almost a guarantee of suffering them, and combating it usually involves various aspects of the person’s life, from psychological and emotional, to physical and nutritional.