Gregory Bryant, head of the Intel Client Computing Group, announced at the Computex Exhibition about the start of deliveries of 10 nm Intel Ice Lake processors – Core i3, i5 and i7 chips of the tenth generation. They have no more cores than the eighth generation Core now offers, and the clock frequency in overclocking mode is even lower. However, the corporation states that the performance of Ice Lake has improved in many ways.
Intel Ice Lake will be the first widely available Intel Core chips at 10 nm and the fruit of the first large-scale processing of the corporation processor architecture since Skylake appeared in 2015.
Intel does not specify the characteristics of specific models, but it is known that the new processors will have up to four cores and support for up to eight threads, like their predecessors Whiskey Lake. The clock frequency of the Ice Lake in overclocking mode is 4.1 GHz, whereas for the Core i7-8565U Whiskey Lake it was 4.6 GHz. In addition, 10-nanometer chips have built-in graphics subsystem professional-grade Iris Plus new architecture Gen11.
As for performance, there is no exact information yet – it’s only known that at the recent Intel shareholders ’meeting, it was about double the video encoding speed and graphics performance compared to Whiskey Lake.
Intel Ice Lake Processors will be faster
And judging by the published Intel diagram, in the single-threaded mode, the core of Ice Lake works only 3% faster than Whiskey Lake. However, the Sunnycove microarchitecture, on which Ice Lake is based, allows the processor to execute five instructions in parallel, rather than four, like Skylake. In addition, it provides for an increase in the cache capacity of the first and second level.
Intel also added new specialized commands, including those that increase encryption speed. The DL Boost command set, in turn, speeds up the tasks of deep learning, and the Gaussian Neural Accelerator logical core – other related to artificial intelligence, for example, semantic search in photos and automatic meeting minutes in text form. As stated, Ice Lake speeds up the tasks of artificial intelligence in comparison with Whiskey Lake by two to two and a half times.
Dynamic Tuning Feature
In addition, in the Intel Ice Lake itself, the AI controls the overclocked mode – the technology is called Dynamic Tuning 2.0 with Machine Learning. It varies the frequency, trying to determine the optimal degree of acceleration, which can be maintained as long as possible. At Intel, it is hoped that the innovation will provide high speed in turbo mode despite the lower upper-frequency limit.
Distinctive features of Intel Ice Lake Processor
Among the distinctive features of the Gen11 integrated graphics subsystem architecture, an increased number of shader modules and support for displays compatible with VESA Adaptive Sync, a system for dynamically synchronizing the image refresh rate on the screen with the frame rate in the game, can be noted. The Gen11 module has hardware HEVC / VP9 encoding blocks and allows you to simultaneously connect up to four 4K displays. The overall performance of the Gen11 video chip will be up to 1.12 TFLOPS – Intel promises a significant improvement in the performance of games compared to the UHD 620, a graphics module of the previous generation. Ice Lake processors will be supplied with both the graphics core Plus and UHD (in the eighth-generation Core there was only the last option).
Ice Lake is not only a processor
Ice Lake is not only a central processor and a video chip, but this multi-chip IC also has a Platform Controller Hub (manufactured using a 14nm process), which is responsible for the functions of power distribution, I / O and Wi-Fi support. In addition to standard Wi-Fi 6 (802.11ax), the wireless module implements Wi-Fi 6 Gig + technology, which expands the channel up to 160 MHz, which allows speeds up to 1.68 Gbps, as well as the Overlapping Basic Service Set function group of devices to communicate with each other despite the presence of “neighbors”.
Another feature of Intel Ice Lake is Thunderbolt 3 support with the ability to accommodate up to four ports on both sides of the laptop (previously, due to the implementation features, the Thunderbolt port could only be on one side).
All this sounds promising, and time will tell whether Intel will be able to produce 10-nanometer chips in sufficient volume, given the deficit of 14 nm processors that remained throughout the year.
Intel has also announced the ninth-generation Intel vPro chips (up to eight cores, up to 16 threads, clock speeds up to 5 GHz) and 14 new Xeon E processors for mobile and desktop workstations. In addition, it was announced that Ice Lake of the X series will appear in the fall, with some improvements over the baseline, and an automated utility to overclock the Intel Performance Maximizer processor is introduced.