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Brain development in early childhood

Brain development in early childhood is necessary for a better future. But what really develops a child’s brain? After all, all parents want their children to have high academic performance, to be able to somehow control their emotional outbursts, and it is better if they are less sick and able to make friends. What can science offer? Unfortunately, today there are no ready-made recipes for each specific situation. This is simply because there are no two identical children and two identical parents. But there are five basic principles for brain development in early childhood.

Brain development in early childhood
The development of the brain is a complex process

Security for brain development in early childhood

Sense of security is the key to brain development in early childhood. Our brain is set to detect danger. If something terrible happens near us, then we must “runaway” or “pretend to be dead,” but we certainly cannot learn new knowledge. If an adult is screaming nearby or parents are quarreling, then the child perceives this from birth as a danger. He will certainly not assimilate anything at this moment, and therefore, will develop.


Safety is ensured by caring for the child and the formation of strong and warm relations in the family. This is called affection. If the needs of the child are met, then the brain has resources for development.


There are tests to determine the level of intelligence, even for kids. The good news: IQ can grow over a lifetime, not up to three years. The bad news is that IQ may decrease. So in order to ensure IQ does not decline, intelligence and acquired skills should be used. If you have studied a foreign language for several years, but do not speak or read it, then over time it will literally be erased. The brain will clean and remove unnecessary neural connections. It’s absolutely scary: neural connections begin to disappear after only two weeks of not using the skill. But learning something a second time, that is, restoring neural connections, is easier than the first time.

Conversation skill is important for brain development in early childhood

Conversation plays an important role in brain development in early childhood. Children who speak a lot from birth develop much faster than those who grow up in a more silent atmosphere. There is even a “gold standard” of speaking – 2100 words per hour. This is a lot, but not very, just an ordinary conversation.

Remember that it is necessary to speak with pauses, and not 24/7, so as not to overload the child. This can be as harmful as silence. Studies show that by the age of three the IQ difference between a silent group and a talkative group is one and a half times. The intelligence coefficient in talkative children continued to grow at an older age, which provided them with high academic grades in the future.

Unstructured game

Children who were given to play every day compared to the control group, which was just taught, had more developed language skills, better in solving problems and withstood stress, had better memory and developed communication skills. But is any spontaneous game beneficial? No, the best result is given by the role-playing game. World-famous Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky (1896−1934) predicted that the ability of children under five to use their imagination in role-playing games is the best indicator of future successful studies.

The reason is simple: the child in the game learns to regulate his social behavior. Vygotsky’s conclusion is supported by modern scientific research. Based on the ideas of Lev Semenovich, in different countries, early childhood education programs are being created. These do not include a foreign language and mathematics, but a role-playing game with the activation of imagination. Unstructured games are helpful for brain development in early childhood.

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