Long before entering school, parents and grandparents begin to teach the child letters, alphabet and reading. Everyone does it according to his experience and preferences, sometimes by pulling fragmentary information from different methods. But learning to read is an important stage in the development of a child, and we have to deal with 10 mistakes that parents usually make when teaching a child to read.
Mistake No. 1: The separation of letters and sound when teaching a child
Teaching a child to read, the beginning of which was the study of letters, in the future creates big problems. Therefore, you should call the sound and letter the same. For example, the letter “M” should sound like the sound “M”, and not like “EM”. If the child learns the latest pronunciation, the syllable “MA” will be read by him as “EMA” instead of the correct “MA”. In the child’s mind, the letter and sound must correspond to each other.
Mistake No. 2: Learning letters using the alphabet with pictures
Memorizing a letter with pictures using a child for a long time creates in the children’s consciousness a stable connection between the letter and the image attached to it. Color illustrations will help to learn the alphabet but will create difficulties in reading. It will be difficult for a child to understand why the word “CAT” is obtained by adding several concepts, for example, “KENGURU”, “CLOUD” and “TELEPHONE”.
Mistake No. 3: Missing system
Another mistake when teaching a child to read is haphazard practice. You should do it regularly, but not more than 15 minutes a day. The memory of children is rather short-lived, therefore a series of repetitions are required to consolidate the skill.
Mistake No. 4: Learning to spell
Starting to read, the child utters sounds at first and then tries to put them down. For example, says “M” and “A”, and then together “MA”. Faced with a long word, the child forgets what sound he uttered at the beginning. The correct reading is by syllables. A child can “pull” a certain sound while reading. For example, say “MMMMMMMMMA”. The main thing is that the reading process does not stop at the first sound. Good results can be achieved by teaching a child to sing syllables.
Mistake No. 5: Forced reading when teaching a child
Another mistake of parents is to coercion to classes. In this case, there may be a persistent hostility to reading, which will become a barrier to learning. Do not use reading and as a punishment. The phrase of the parents: “If you don’t do it, as I say, let’s go read now!” Indirect nudging in the form of phrases “Now we read the chapter and go play” also cannot be used.
Mistake No. 6: Reading “stringing” letters
In the process of learning to read by parents, an error occurs in the pronunciation of the word. The child pronounces each letter separately, instead of pronouncing the syllables one by one. For example, “M-A-Sh-I-N-A” instead of “MA-ShI-NA”. When reading long words, the child is distracted and does not remember what sounds he has already said. uh
Mistake No. 7: Parents no longer read to children
Many parents make the mistake of not reading bedtime stories to the child and singing lullabies. Considering that the child has already learned to read by him and no longer needs the participation of mom and dad, parents miss an important point in sharing and reading together. Communication helps to form a child’s vocabulary, which is important not only for reading but also for overall development.
Mistake No. 8: Lack of understanding control when teaching reading
In the process of learning, a situation may arise when the child reads mechanically, without perceiving the meaning of the read. Saying syllable by syllable, he is not aware of the meaning of the resulting word. To avoid this error, it is recommended to ask the child to retell the read text or ask clarifying questions.
Mistake No. 9: Lack of example of adults when teaching a child
Learning to read will be more successful if your child has an interest in this activity. Interest in books arises and is maintained in a family where adults themselves love to read. Spending time at the TV or computer does not motivate the child to learn to read, because he does not see the point.
Mistake No. 10: Insufficient readiness of the child to read
Parents make the mistake of taking the first steps in teaching the child too soon. Starting learning to read from two years old or earlier, only mechanical repetition of sounds can be achieved. Willingness to learn literacy implies:
- sufficient vocabulary;
- the ability to hear different sounds by ear (for example, the child understands the difference between “home” and “tom”);
- no problems in the pronunciation of sounds;
- good orientation: the child must distinguish between “right – left, top – bottom” in order to correctly follow the text.
Mistakes that most parents make when teaching a child to read are corrected by a competent and systematic approach to studying the material, as well as taking into account the individual characteristics of their child. Sometimes, to correct an incorrectly formed reading skill, the teacher needs up to six months of systematic work. In this case, it is better not to teach the child to read at all, than to teach him wrong.